Administration in Maharashtra
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Like various other Indian states Maharashtra also boasts of a systematic administration. The state has been governed by highly knowledgeable and powerful people at both local as well as district levels from the very onset and has thus emerged as one of the most well administered states in the country. Read on to have a closer look at the governing bodies and the administrative set up of the state.
Administrative Setup of Maharashtra
Let us begin by having a look at the local self governance institutions in the state’s rural areas. There are as many as 27,993 33 gram panchayats, 355 taluka panchayat samitis and 33 zilla parishads in the state. In the urban areas there are 222 municipal councils, 23 municipal corporations, 7 cantonment boards and 4 nagar panchayats.How are the rural and urban areas administered?
A deputy commissioner is appointed to administer each district in the state. The deputy commissioner who belongs to the Indian Administrative Service heads the administration. Several officers from the Maharashtra state services are appointed to assist him. While the administration is taken care of by the aforementioned officers the deputy commissioner of police from the Indian Police Service and his team of officers from the Maharashtra police service are assigned the responsibility of maintaining law and order in the state.
The environment, wildlife and forests are taken care by the deputy conservator of forests and his team of officers from the Maharashtra Forest Subordinate Service and Maharashtra Forest Service. Likewise, different officers are appointed to take care of different departments such as Health, agriculture and education. The heads of each of these departments as well as their team of officers are well educated and informed about their respective departments.
Government and Political Structure in Maharashtra
The state has a parliamentary system of government. It has two houses that are elected democratically. These are the Legislative assembly and Legislative council. There are a total of 288 members in the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly and 78 members in the Maharashtra legislative council. The chief minister of the state heads the government. He is selected by the members of the ruling party in the legislative assembly. While the chief minister and his ministers have the legislative and executive powers, the governor is the constitutional head of the state. He is appointed for tenure of five years.Governor of MaharashtraVidyasagar Rao
, who served as the Union minister of Andhra Pradesh earlier, is presently the governor of Maharashtra.
DOB: February 12, 1942
Party: BJPChief Minister of Maharashtra
DOB: 22 July 1970
Devender Fadnavis heads several departments including Urban Development, General Administration, Employment & Self-employment, Home Affairs, Law & Judiciary, Tourism, Ex-Servicemen’s Welfare, Ports and Information and Public Relations.
List of Cabinet Ministers in Maharashtra
There are 12 ministers of state and 18 cabinet ministers in Maharashtra. Let us first have a look at the cabinet Ministers in the state:Eknath Khadse
Revenue, Animal Husbandry, Rehabilitation & Relief Works, Minorities Development and Wakf, Earthquake Rehabilitation, Dairy Development and Fisheries, Agriculture and State ExciseVinod Tawde
School Education, Sports & Youth Welfare, Higher & Technical Education,Medical Education, Marathi Bhasha, Cultural AffairsPankaja Munde
Rural Development,Water Conservation,Employment Guarantee Scheme and Women and Child DevelopmentChandrakant Patil
Co-operation, Marketing and Textiles and Public works (excluding public undertakings)Girish Bapat
Food, Civil Supplies and Consumer Protection, Food and Drugs Administration and Parliamentary AffairsSudhir Mungantiwar
Finance & Planning and ForestsEknath Shinde
Public Works (including Public Undertakings)
Housing, Mining and LaborRajkumar Badole
Social Justice and Special AssistanceChandrashekhar Bawankule
Energy, New and Renewable EnergyBabanrao Lonikar
Water Supply and SanitationDr. Deepak Sawant
Public Health and Family WelfareVishnu Savara
Tribal developmentGirish Mahajan
Water ResourcesDiwakar Raote
Judicial System of Maharashtra
The judiciary in Maharashtra constitutes of the Maharashtra High Court and session and district courts in every district. The Indian president seeks advice from the governor of Maharashtra and the chief justice of the India Supreme Court before appointing the chief justice of the Maharashtrian High Court. The chief justice further appoints the other judges. Besides, there are judges and lower courts at the taluka level. Subordinate Judicial Service that is further divided into the Maharashtra civil judicial services and higher judicial service is also an important fragment of the judiciary in Maharashtra.